Before the coming into effect of this act, there was no specific law on children, whether in need of care and protection or those in conflict with law. Initially, the Juvenile Justice (Care & Protection of Children) Act had come in force in 2000 and it was amended in 2007 & 2015. This act for the first time not only recognized the children as special category in law but also elaborated the ways and means of dealing with them in various situations, be it in conflict with law or when they are in need of care and protection of the State. While this Act was not in existence,the children who had committed offence were dealtwith under the provision envisaged in Indian Panel Code, 1860. The IPC only talked about the child offender and not the child victim and there was no separate procedure to deal with either of the category.